Thursday, October 18, 2012

Ayurvedic medicinal plants - 3

                                               Terminalia chebula







                                  Nama-Rupa –Guna-Karma_Vignanam

 Names in diferent languages:

1. Sanskrit Name:Haritaki
2. Sinhala Name: Aralu
3. Latin Name: Terminalia chebula
4. Family: COMBRETACEAE
5. Paryaya: Vijaya, Rohini, Putana, Amruta, Abhaya, Jeevanti, Chetaki

   Prayojyanga-Kalpana: 

· Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Panchendriya Pareeksha (organoleptic study)

I). Chakshurindriya Pareeksha: 
Morphology of Drug
 

Terminalia chebula is a tree with a rounded crown and spreading
branches. The bark is dark-brown, often longitudinally cracked
Tthe leaves are ovate or elliptic with a pair of large glands at the
top of the petiole.
Tthe flowers are yellowish white, in terminal spikes; the drupes
are ellipsoidal, obovoid or ovoid, yellow to orange-brown and hard when
ripe, becoming 5-ribbed on drying.
The seeds are hard and pale yellow.

 

II). Ghranendriya Pareeksha:
 

i) Odour of drug:
ii) Odour while burning:
iii) Any specialties:
 

III). Sparshanendriya Pareeksha:
 

IV). Rasendriya Pareeksha:
· Madhura
· Amla
· Katu
· Tikta
· Kashaya


Panchabhoutika Nirmanaya(according to Rasa):

· Madhura = Jala + Prthvi
· Amla = Prthvi + Agni
· Katu = Vayu + Agni
· Tikta = Vayu + Akasha
· Kashaya = Vayu + Prthvi

 Chemical constituents:

ü Anthroquinone
ü Glycoside
ü Chebulinic acid
ü Tanic acid
ü Galic acid
ü Terchebin
ü Arachidic
ü Begenic
ü Indic
ü Oleic
ü Pulmitic
ü Sterricacide


 Guna Karma:

1. Veerya : Ushna
2. Vipaka : Madhura
3. Guna : Laghu, Ruksha
4. Prabhava : Tridosha shamaka
5. Doshagnata : Tridosha shamaka
6. Rogaghnata : Shota, Prameha, Kushta, Vrana, Chardi, Vata rakta
7. Karma : Tridosha hara, Anulomana, Rasayana, Praja sthpana, Caksusya, Hrdya
8. Matra : Powder 3-6 grm
9. Vishista Kalpana/Yoga :

 Amaika Prayoga(With Reference) :

1. Raktarshas – Take Haritaki with guda before meal
2. For pravahika – Haritaki And Pippali
3. Rakta pittaya – Triturate haritaki choorna with vasa swarasa for seven
times and give with pippali choorna and bee honey
4. For Ashmari – Haritaki seeds choorna with ksheera kashaya


GWAI-University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka
BAMS

1 comment:

  1. This post includes all the medical aspects and it is very important to the people to get know the knowledge about the ayurveda herbs. Ashwagandha adaptogen

    ReplyDelete