Monday, October 1, 2012

Ayurvedic medicinal plants 1 & 2

Abies webbiana


Description:
Botanical name : Abies spectabilis (D.Don) Mirb. (Abies webbiana Lindl.)
Family : Pinaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Talisam, Talisapatram 


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES 
Rasa    : Tikta, Kashaya    
Guna   : Lakhu
Virya   : Seeta




PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sinhala    :    Taaleesa , Talis paturu
English    :     East Himalayan silver fir
Hindi       :     Talispatra, Tails patri 


Distribution : Upper Himalayan tracts.
PLANT DESCRIPTION 
A tall evergreen coniferous tree grows up to 60 m with strong horizontally spreading branches, young shoots covered with short brown hair; leaves simple, densely covering the twigs spreading in all directions, each leaf 1.5-2.3 cm long; the cones are bluish in color, seeds winged.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES 
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, cough, asthma, bronchitis, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, diarrhea, epilepsy, vomiting, hoarseness, hiccough, fever and emaciation. 
Useful part    :    leaves


Abrus precatorius


Description:
Botanical name : Abrus precatorius Linn.
Family : Fabaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Gunja, Kakanantika, Kakapilu, Raktika, Kakadani


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES 
Rasa    : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna   : Guru, Teekshna, Rooksha
Virya   : Ushna
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sinhala     :  OlindaEnglish   : Jequirity, Indian liquorice, Wild liquorice
Hindi        : Gunchi, Ratti 
Malayalam    : Kunni 




Distribution – Throughout India, growing wild on bushes and hedges.
PLANT DESCRIPTION 
A deciduous climber with tough branches. Leaves pinnately compound with many pairs of leaflets, leaflets oblong; flowers pink, found in clusters arranged on one side of recemose inflorescence; fruits pods; seeds usually scarlet with black spot or pure white colored.    
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES 
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, vata, inflammation, vitiligo, skin disease, wounds, alopecia, asthma, stomatitis and fever. 
Useful part    :    Root, Leaves, Seeds.

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